(541) 420-4645 info@dakine420.com
0 Items

Technical Notes

The Dakine 420 Competitive Edge:

Our unique formulas make it easy to grow and manage a trophy high-yield cannabis crop.

BASE contains NPK plus our awesome trace mineral package, all in one formula for the initial grow phase.

GROW contains nitrate nitrogen, the most efficient nitrogen source for plant growth; it also contains the industry’s best calcium free of chloride, sodium and heavy metals. Together these two ingredients supply all the nitrogen and calcium needed throughout the entire process from start to finish.

BLOOM is our super-finishing formula. It’s the best thing to produce trophy bud production and it supplies NPK in perfect balance (with 3 times more potassium than nitrogen) to assure high yields; it’s the ultimate game changing crop finisher.

ATOMIC ROOT POWDER is our unique root-enhancing formula made to grow and maintain a massive healthy root system throughout the growing season from start to finish. Our always-ongoing intensive in-house research has shown us how to grow the ultimate crop by using a precisely balanced formula–including 5% organic nitrogen derived from soybean hydrolysate, and bacillus bacteria–that keeps the plant from ever running out of crucial nutrients needed from the early grow phase to the finish line. It’s all about being the best, and we have spent a fortune in research and development so you can buy the best products on the market. We formulate with only the best, globally sourced, highly soluble ingredients with low salt, no fillers and with proprietary clean and green technologies we have developed.

Each one of our nutrient products is simple and easy to use and will give you proven results every time! They’re what your plants would buy!

Hydroponic BASE content:

The following is information about our nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and what it does:

Nitrogen (N) is the most important mineral element in plant nutrition. It is a constituent of amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids and therefore is fundamental in the growing process, in the division phase as well as in cellular elongation.

It is also a component of the chlorophyll molecule, directly influencing photosynthesis, since it is part of the rubisco enzyme, which is fundamental in the fixation cycle of the carbonic anhydrous in the leaves.

Without an adequate nitrogen supply, the crop excessively delays reaching a development to make it productive.

Phosphorus (P) Similarly to nitrogen, nearly all phosphorus present in plants is found in organic form, being part of structures such as the chloroplast or a metabolite. Very little P is in an ionic form that is absorbed best by the plant. Phosphorus is critical in protein, phospholipid, nucleic acid, and root, development. The main role of phosphorus is structural, being part of energetic molecules known as (ATP). These highly active components store the energy coming from photosynthesis and are liberated in the specific plant sites that are required. Metabolites are fundamental in all processes in which there are active cellular divisions such as apical and root meristems, in the foliar primordia or at the fruit set moment.

In these tissues, the local P concentration could be as much as 10 times the plant average, which validates their high-energy requirement. Phosphorus is absorbed via diffusion and by direct interception mechanisms in the root rhyzosphere; when reaching the leaves, P is incorporated without being reduced to ATP from where it is rapidly mobilized via phloem towards the most highly-required sites needed by the plant.

Potassium (K) is directly related to quality and production. The increment of potassium levels improves the plant’s overall performance. Potassium has the following benefits: higher production, protein production, water efficiency, storage assimilation, regulation of stomata, nitrogen efficiency and greater + CO2. The essential roles of potassium are found in the protein synthesis, the photosynthetic processes and the sugars transport from the leaves to the fruit. A good potassium supply will sustain from the beginning of leaf function into the fruit growing. This will contribute to the positive potassium effect in the plant yield and in the higher soluble solids content (sugar) in the fruit at harvest time.

Approximately 60% of the potassium absorbed by the plant is found in the fruit. The potassium action in the protein synthesis reinforces the conversion of the nitrate absorbed in proteins, contributing to better efficiency of the supplied nitrogen fertilizer. Potassium is a cation involved in the maintenance of the plant osmotic potential (cell turgidity). An example of this is the stoma movement, when stomata are open it allows the plant to exchange gas and water with the atmosphere. This permits the plants to maintain an adequate hydration under stress conditions such as salinity. Potassium promotes a high acid content, which is essential for good flavor.

Why do we have more magnesium in our product than others?

The answer is simple—you can’t have too much of a good thing—and we discovered throughout our research that plants responded better with the amount we use in BASE.

These are some good reasons to use extra magnesium:

Magnesium (Mg) is known for its role in photosynthesis. It is a compound of molecular chlorophyll. It promotes P absorption and is involved in carbohydrate and protein metabolism. Magnesium participates in cell turgidity and the maintenance of ionic and pH balance, and it’s highly mobile in the plant.

Magnesium has a fundamental role as a component of the chlorophyll molecule and actively participates in the photosynthesis of plants. 20% of the total magnesium in a plant is in the chlorophyll.

The essential roles of magnesium are that it promotes phosphorus absorption and participates in the synthesis of xanthophylls, carotenes and lipids; it activates enzymes—especially those involved in carbohydrate and protein metabolism, maintains cell turgidity, regulates the cellular pH and ionic balance.

Why do you need sulfur in BASE?

Sulfur (S) moves slowly in the plant, much like iron. Sulfur is essential during the vegetative growth period; it also plays an important role in plant proteins and is important for the supply of chlorophyll and growth of the roots.

Why do you need trace minerals in BASE?

Simply put, trace minerals equal quality! Without trace minerals, crops will lack health benefits. After years of research, we have developed a clean, highly-efficient, plant-available trace mineral package made from quality sourced ingredients. We will not cut corners on our minerals—they are just too important in regards to the final product and the tremendous health benefits to the end user!

Our scientifically-balanced trace mineral package consists of the following:

Boron (B) Boron participates in the cationic nutrient absorption and metabolism processes of the plant, especially calcium. Boron is essential for cellular membrane rigidity and intervenes in the pectin synthesis. Boron participates in nucleic acid, in protein synthesis and in carbohydrate translocation within the phloem. In addition, boron participates in cellular division, elongation and differentiation processes during sprouting and root apex formation. It also plays a critical role in pollen germination and pollen tube growing.

The essential roles of boron include absorption and cationic metabolism (especially calcium) cell wall synthesis (pectin formation and cellular walls lignin), ribonucleic acids (RNA) and protein synthesis, carbohydrates biosynthesis and transport within the phloem; it is required in areas of high metabolic activity, such as sprouts and root apexes and for the division, cellular elongation and meristem differentiation processes. It acts together with calcium in the plant’s lignification, during flowering, it increments pollen germination and pollen tube development; it increments the fruit set, and it participates in the phenols and ascorbate metabolism.

Copper (Cu) Copper is absorbed by plants mainly in active form such as Cu2+, and in some cases in complex form. It presents an antagonism with Zn2+ at the absorption level. Copper is associated with several enzymes, as an activator or as an intrinsic component of them.

This element participates in a great number of processes (oxidation/reduction). For example, it acts in ascorbic oxide enzymatic systems, being responsible for the oxidation of the ascorbic acid (vitamin C) to dehydroascorbic, allowing the vitamin to protect organisms from oxidation.

The essential roles of copper include intervention in nitrogen and glucid (carbohydrate) metabolism, influence in the atmospheric nitrogen fixation of legumes; copper is an essential nutrient in bio-element balance, which in the plant regulates transpiration.

Iron (Fe) Iron activates a number of enzymes. It is involved in chlorophyll synthesis, photosynthesis, respiration and N metabolism processes. Iron shows a low mobility once found in the xylem; mobility is particularly restrained between and within the leaves.

The essential roles of iron are chlorophyll synthesis, photosynthesis, respiration, nitrogen metabolism and enzyme activator.

Manganese (Mn) manganese role in plant health is to regulate the permeability of the cellular membranes, activate enzymes, photosynthesis respiration and nitrogen metabolism.

Molybdenum (Mo) molybdenum is an essential molecule for atmospheric nitrogen fixation and also provides support in nitrogen metabolism.

Zinc (Zn) zinc is an enzymatic and activator component. it is involved in the N metabolism and photosynthesis processes. zinc participates in the synthesis of the trytophan amino-acid, which is a required precursor for the indole aecetic acid (iaa). iaa, a plant hormone, is an essential growing and developing regulator of sprouts, leaves and fruits. Zinc is moderately mobile once it is out of the xylem.

BASE is derived from: potassium nitrate, potassium sulfate, mono potassium phosphate, magnesium sulfate, iron EDTA, manganese EDTA, copper EDTA, zinc EDTA, boric acid, sodium molybdate.

Hydroponic GROW nitrogen & calcium content:

 

The following is information about our nitrogen (N), and calcium (Ca) and what it does:

Nitrogen (N) is the most important mineral element in plant nutrition. it is the most important mineral element in plant nutrition. it is a constituent of amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids and therefore, is fundamental in the growing process, in the division phase as well as the cellular elongation.

It is also a component of the chlorophyll molecule directly influencing the photosynthesis, since it is part of the rubisco enzyme, which is fundamental in the fixation cycle of the carbonic anhydrous in the leaves.

Without an adequate nitrogen supply, the crop excessively delays reaching a development to make it productive.

Our nitrogen source is nitrate nitrogen it is the most efficient nitrogen source for plant growth. Nitrate nitrogen is non-volatile and enhances the uptake of other cations such as potassium, calcium and magnesium.

Calcium (Ca)

Use our calcium for strong plants; the main function of calcium in the plant is the stabilization of the cell membranes. It facilitates the cell cohesion by the action of the calcium pectate which fixes the cell in the intermediate lamina keeping it together. It is known that calcium stabilizes the pH of the cellular solution to maintain the equilibrium with other ions and organic acids. The role of calcium in the carbohydrates translocation and in the root growing is also significant. Calcium is mobile in the xylem but not in the phloem. Therefore, it is accumulated more in the organs that occur in greater dimension. A limited movement happens between the organs.

Calcium has three main functions in the plant:

  1. It is essential for the cell walls and structures of the plant. Approximately 90% of calcium is found in the cell walls. It acts as a cohesion factor that joints the cells together and supports its structure in the plant tissues. Without calcium, the new tissue development (cellular division and extension) of roots and sprouts is detained. As a result, the crop yield is seriously affected. Calcium is a key factor for fruit firmness. It retards the senescence resulting in durable leaves being able to continue the photosynthesis process.
  2. It maintains the integrity of the cell membranes. This is important for the appropriate functioning of the absorption mechanism, and for preventing the escape of elements outside the cells.
  3. Also it is found in the center of the plants defense mechanisms, which help to detect and to react against external stress. Both roles in the plant defense and on tissue firmness are important for the resistance against pathogens attack and deterioration during fruit storage. A particular calcium fact is that its transport is almost exclusively done with the transpiration flow along the xylem. This is mainly distributed from the roots toward the leaves, which are the principal transpiration organs. This means that fruits with low transpiration rates can be supplied with scarce calcium. Only 5% of calcium goes to the fruit. Then, a transitory calcium deficiency can easily occur in the fruits and above all in the period when the growing rate is high. This produces a necrosis of the fruit apical extreme, identified as ber.

Our calcium source is fully water-soluble and it is specifically formulated for hydroponic use, contains no chloride, sodium or heavy metals.

GROW is derived from: calcium, nitrate nitrogen and hydrolyzed vegetable protein.

Hydroponic BLOOM finisher content:

 

The following is information about our nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and what it does:

Nitrogen (N) is the most important mineral element in plant nutrition. it is the most important mineral element in plant nutrition. It is a constituent of amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids and therefore, is fundamental in the growing process, in the division phase as well as the cellular elongation.

it is also a component of the chlorophyll molecule directly influencing the photosynthesis, since it is part of the rubisco enzyme, which is fundamental in the fixation cycle of the carbonic anhydrous in the leaves.

Without an adequate nitrogen supply, the crop excessively delays reaching a development to make it productive.

Phosphorus (P) similarly to nitrogen, nearly all phosphorus present in plants is found in organic form, being part of structures such as the chloroplast or a metabolite. Very little p is in an ionic form that is absorbed best by the plant. Phosphorus is critical in protein, phospholipid, nucleic acid, and root, development. The main role of phosphorus is structural, being part of energetic molecules known as (ATP). These highly active components store the energy coming from photosynthesis and are liberated in the specific plant sites that are required. Metabolites are fundamental in all processes in which there are active cellular divisions such as apical and root meristems, in the foliar primordia or at the fruit set moment.

In these tissues the local p concentration could be as much as 10 times the plant average, which validates the high-energy requirement of them. Phosphorus is absorbed via diffusion and by direct interception mechanisms in the root rhyzophere, when reaching the leaves p is incorporated without being reduced to (ATP) from where it is rapidly mobilized via phloem towards the most highly required sites needed by the plant.

Potassium (K) is directly related to quality and production. The increment of potassium levels improves the plants overall performance. Potassium has the following benefits; higher production, protein production, water efficiency, storage assimilation, regulates stomata, nitrogen efficiency and greater CO2. The essential roles of potassium are found in the protein synthesis, the photosynthetic processes and the sugars transport from the leaves to the fruit. A good potassium supply will sustain, therefore, from the beginning of leaf function into the fruit growing. This will contribute to the positive potassium effect in the plant yield and in the higher soluble solids content (sugar) in the fruit at harvest time.

Approximately 60% of the potassium absorbed by the plant is found in the fruit. The potassium action in the protein synthesis reinforces the conversion of the nitrate absorbed in proteins, contributing to better efficiency of the supplied nitrogen fertilizer. Potassium is a cation involved in the maintenance of the plant osmotic potential (cell turgidity). An example of this is the stoma movement, when stomata are open it allows the plant to exchange gas and water with the atmosphere. This permits the plants to maintain an adequate hydration under stress conditions such as salinity. Potassium promotes a high acid content, which is essential for good flavor.

Why is there no magnesium in BLOOM?

We have ample amounts of magnesium in BASE, and magnesium is more beneficial in the growing stage than in the finishing stage.

Why do you need sulfur in BLOOM?

Sulfur moves slowly in the plant, much like iron. The essential roles of sulfur are, this nutrient is essential during the vegetative growth period, it also has an important role in plant proteins, it important for the supply of chlorophyll and growth of the roots.

Why do you need trace minerals in BLOOM?

Simply put, trace minerals equal quality! Without trace minerals, crop quality will have no health benefits. After years of research we have developed a clean highly efficient, plant available trace mineral package made from quality sourced ingredients. We will not cut corners on our minerals, they are just too important in regards to the final product and the tremendous health benefits to the end user!

Our scientifically balanced trace mineral package consists of the following:

Boron: Boron participates in the cationic nutrients absorption and metabolism processes of the plant, especially calcium. Boron is essential for cellular membrane rigidity and intervenes in the pectin synthesis. Boron participates in the nucleic acid, in the protein synthesis and in the carbohydrates translocation within the phloem. In addition, boron participates in the cellular division, elongation and differentiation processes during sprouting and root apex formation. Also, it has a critical role in pollen germination and pollen tube growing.

The essential roles of boron are, absorption and cationic metabolism, especially calcium, cell wall synthesis (pectin formation and cellular walls lignin), ribonucleic acids (RNA) and protein synthesis, carbohydrates biosynthesis and transport within the phloem, it is required in areas of high metabolic activity, such as sprouts and root apexes, for the division, cellular elongation and meristem differentiation processes, it acts together with calcium in the plants lignification, during flowering, it increments the pollen germination and later on the pollen tube development, it increments the fruit set, and it participates in the phenols and ascorbates metabolism.

Copper: Plants absorb copper mainly as active form such as Cu+2and in some cases in complex form. It presents an antagonism with Zn+2 at the absorption level. Copper is associated with several enzymes, as an activator or being part of them.

This element participates in a great number of processes (oxidation/reduction). As an example, it acts in ascorbic oxide enzymatic systems, being responsible for the oxidation of the ascorbic acid (vitamin C) to dehydroascorbic, and then this vitamin exerts its protector effect over the oxidation.

The essential roles of copper are, it intervenes in the nitrogen and glucids (carbohydrates) metabolism, this nutrient favorably influences the atmospheric nitrogen fixation of legumes, it is an essential nutrient in the bio-element balance, which in the plant regulates transpiration.

Iron: Iron activates a number of enzymes. It is involved in the chlorophyll synthesis, photosynthesis, respiration and n metabolism processes. Iron shows a low mobility once found in the xylem. Mobility is particularly restrained between and within the leaves.

The essential roles of iron are chlorophyll synthesis, photosynthesis, respiration, nitrogen metabolism and enzyme activator.

Manganese: Manganese role in plant health is to regulate the permeability of the cellular membranes, activate enzymes, photosynthesis respiration and nitrogen metabolism.

Molybdenum: Molybdenum is an essential molecule for atmospheric nitrogen fixation and also provides support in nitrogen metabolism.

Zinc: Zinc is an enzymatic and activator component. It is involved in the n metabolism and photosynthesis processes. Zinc participates in the synthesis of the trytophan amino acid, which is a required precursor for the indole aecetic acid (iaa). iaa, a plant hormone, is an essential growing and developing regulator of sprouts, leaves and fruits. Zinc is moderately mobile once it is out of the xylem.

BLOOM is derived from: potassium nitrate, mono potassium phosphate, urea, ammonium sulfate, iron EDTA, manganese EDTA, copper EDTA, zinc, EDTA, boric acid and sodium molybdate.

Hydroponic ATOMIC ROOT POWDER content:

The following is information about our nitrogen (N), ascophyllum nodosom, mycorrhizal fungi and what it does:

Nitrogen (N) is the most important mineral element in plant nutrition. It is the most important mineral element in plant nutrition. It is a constituent of amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids and therefore, is fundamental in the growing process, in the division phase as well as the cellular elongation.

It is also a component of the chlorophyll molecule directly influencing the photosynthesis, since it is part of the rubisco enzyme, which is fundamental in the fixation cycle of the carbonic anhydrous in the leaves.

Without an adequate nitrogen supply, the crop excessively delays reaching a development to make it productive.

Ascophyllum nodosom is a natural seaweed extract that provides trace minerals (70+), and is a rich source of potassium and natural plant hormones for your crop. These compounds are known to accelerate growth, increase flowering and fruiting, intensify color, and provide resistance to disease and insect infestation.

Benefits:

  • improves seed germination and increases root development
  • increases bloom set and size of flowers and fruit
  • increases and stabilizes chlorophyll in plants, which results in darker green leaves and increased sugar content in plants
  • relieves stress in plants caused by extreme environmental conditions
  • increases plant vigor, and thus imparts a greater resistance to disease and insect attacks
  • increases mineral uptake by the plant
  • increases storage life of crops by retarding the loss of protein, chlorophyll and RNA
  • retards the aging process in plants (senescence), thereby lengthening the production season

Mycorrhizal fungi: “mycor-rhiza” literally means “fungus root” and defines the mutually beneficial relationship between the plant root and fungus.

Mycorrhizae fungi cause fine feeder roots to branch and extend the active feeding capacity of the root tips by mycelial networks in rockwool or other inert growth media’s that much more effectively access and trans-locate these materials back to the plant.

What is endo mycorrhizae?

Endo mycorrhizae has an exchange mechanism on the inside of the root (and the hyphae extend outside the root), endo mycorrhizae form mostly with green leafy plants.

Benefits:

  • consistent high yields and faster growth
  • water can be reused
  • easily introduced to the roots

ATOMIC ROOT POWDER is derived from: hydrolyzed vegetable protein, ascophyllum nodosom, endo mycorrhizae (glomus intraradices 5,000 propagules per lb) and (glomus aggregatum 5,000 propagules per lb).